Over the last couple of weeks, I’ve been tinkering with PHP’s gettext to set up internationalisation for one of my web apps (i.e. getting it ready for translation into different languages). Even though there were many step-by-step guides and Stack Overflow topics on the web, all detailing a similar set of instructions, following them did not work things out for me.
After some frustration and a lot of time tinkering, it turns out that these guides were missing some pieces of information.
I’ve been freelancing as a web programmer for more than 6 years now, but (surprisingly) I’ve never known the intricacies behind how web domain names worked until today (I had to help a client resolve some issues regarding it). The understanding came to me in an epiphany only after I’ve read and pondered on many articles, Wikipedia pages and Stack Overflow pages over the past few days.
Because web domains can be an incredibly complex business, and all the online instructionals I’ve found are really long, I wrote this in such a way that it imparts a big picture view. Hopefully, it’ll help you figure things out faster than I did.